表界面光物性研究室

東京都立大学シンボルマーク

Surface and Interface Physics Laboratory

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Research Subject

Nano Scale Materials

Nano Materials

In nano-sized materials, their surface and interface significantly influence on their electronic characteristics. Recently, atomically thin nano-materials such as single-wall carbon nanotubes, graphene, two-dimensional chalcogenides, are highly attracted due to their extraordinary physical properties and their potentials for device applications, but it is noteworthy that their physical properties are strongly related to their surface structures, such as chirality, edge-structures, defects, broken inversion-symmetry, and so on. Precise control of their surface and interfaces is crucial for clarification of their novel properties, and is fundamental for their electric, opto-electric, thermo-electric, magnetic applications. In this group, we focus on understanding and controlling of physical properties on the surface of nano-materials.

Control of optical properties of SWCNTs

Seperated SWCNTs
Color Change of SWCNTs film

Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) are cylindrical graphitic tubes with diameter of 1 nm, and their electronic properties strongly depend on how their graphene sheet is rolled (called chirality). They show various colors depending on their chiralities, and we have revealed that metallic SWCNTs with diameter of 1.4, 1.0 and 0.8 nm show cyan, magenta, and yellow colors. The colors are caused by the optical transitions between van-Hove singularities in density of states, reflecting one-dimensional nature of SWCNTs. We tuned their colors by electron or hole injections through electric double layers formation using ionic liquids.
App. Phys. Express 1, 034003 (2008)
Adv. Mater. 23, 2811 (2011)

Control of conducting and thermoelectric properties of SWCNTs

Control Seebeck Coefficient

Thermoelectics is a very important technology to convert waste heat to electric power. Seebeck coefficient is a parameter for characterizing the generation of electric voltage from the difference of temperature. It is of great importance to prepare negative and positive Seebeck coefficient materials for high-performance thermoelectric devices. We achieved to prepare across-bandgap p-type and n-type control over the Seebck coefficients of semiconducting SWCNTs through an electric double layer transistor setup using ionic liquids.

Control of physical properties of molecules encapsulated inside SWCNTs

Molecules Encapsulated
Graphic of Encapsulated
Carrier Injection to Molecules Encapsulated

We have found that molecules can change their structures inside the nanotubes, see this paper (Nature Nanotechnology 2, 422 - 425 (2007) ). We are investigating various physical properties of molecules encapsulated inside SWCNTs.

According to Gauss’s law of electromagnetism, “surface” charges on conductive cylindrical tubes cannot influence on the materials located inside the cavity. However, in the nanoscale, the meaning of “surface” should be more strictly defined. What is the depth of "surface"? If the "surface" is limited to approximately several Á in depth, the surface charge influeces on the molecules encapsulated inside SWCNTs. We found that the charges in molecules encapsulated inside SWCNTs can be manipulated through carrier injections using electric double layers.
Physical review letters 110 (8), 086801 (2013)

Control of physical properties of other materials such as nanowire, transition metal dichalcogenizes, and e.t.c.

Next step

Under investigation.

Member

group photo

Staffs

Professor Kazuhiro Yanagi
Assistant Professor Yohei Yomogida
Research Associate Kan Ueji
Postdoc Zhou Kaiyao
Secretary Emi Umezawa
Research Assistant Junko Eda
Research Assistant Hitomi Okubo
Research Assistant Megumi Nasu

Students

D3 Hiroyuki Nishidome
D2 Md. Ashiqur Rahman
M2 Rikuto Abe
M2 Mai Nagano
M2 Yuuya Hosokawa
M1 Shigeki Saito
B4 Shojiro Asatori
B4 Akane Ihara
B4 Mikoto Omoto
B4 Kento Shimizu
B4 Sota Nakamura
(May 2022)

Contact Information

Affiliation: Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo Metropolitan University
Address: 1-1 Minami-Osawa, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo, Japan 192-0397
Building No.8, Room 290
Tel: +81-42-677-2494 (Extension Number)Yanagi 3253、Yomogida 3258
E-mail: (Yanagi)
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(Yomogida)
蓬田メール