The Olympic Games and the Changing City

TMU

Natsuki ARAKAWA / Shun KAYAHARA /

Shin KENJO / Shonosuke TANAKA /

Professor Shin Aiba 

UOS

Hyungjoon Im / Professor Soe

Thank you for your participation, UOS !!

group1-photo

Group1 Root of tour

Group-1 MAP

3 Viewpoints

Fifty years ago, the Olympic Games were held in Tokyo for the first time. In 2020, Tokyo will hold the Olympic Games for a second time. Large events have the power to promote city development. On this study tour, we examined an area that was transformed before the Olympic Games in 1964 and areas under redevelopment for 2020.

Japanese and South Korean students discussed city development in Tokyo from three viewpoints:
1. landscape, 2. pedestrian space, and 3. commercial space. City development in Tokyo was compared with examples of redevelopment in South Korea.

3Changing Areas in Tokyo

 On this study tour, we visited three areas.

1. Nihonbashi

Expressway built 50 years ago and landscape issues

2. Ginza

LRT plan and redevelopment in Ginza 6-chome for 2020

3. Toranomon

Toranomon Hills and city development around Shintora Street
 
2. Ginza
photo-Ginza
1. Nihonbashi
photo-Nihonbashi

 

3. Toranomon
photo-Toranomon

 

9Opinions

We questioned UOS members about the three areas from the three mentioned viewpoints.

Q1:What do you think about the landscape of Nihonbashi and the future plan?

I don’t like the highway above Nihonbashi because it hinders looking at other buildings and blocks views. The future plan is better than its current state; it’s becoming more like Cheonggyecheon.

University of Seoul

There are many similar opinions in Japan, but there is also the view that the legacy of modernization must be affirmed.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q2:What must be done to make the Nihonbashi waterfront an attractive pedestrian space?

The riverside has nothing interesting about it at the moment. The developer must not only construct a riverside walk but also improve the cleanliness of the water, preserve traditional features, and launch new initiatives (like public art and markets).

University of Seoul

We think it is important that the waterside space be developed in line with the history and culture of Nihonbashi.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q3:What do you think about Nihonbashi as a commercial town featuring many traditional stores?

In Seoul, there is no district where the old (Mitsukoshi Department Store) and the new (COREDO Muromachi) coexist as they do in Nihonbashi. Cheonggyecheon is a modern area, but in Nihonbashi, the modern and traditional are harmonized; it is very interesting.

University of Seoul

Young Japanese people think that Nihonbashi has both, many traditional and many high-end stores.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q4:How do you feel about the landscape of Ginza?

The old and new buildings are in harmony with the landscape.

University of Seoul

There are no landmarks to serve as a symbol for Ginza.

University of Seoul

Ginza has regulations regarding the design of buildings. Although we [i.e., the Japanese students] know the regulations, we can’t feel a unity among the buildings.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q5:A transit mall by the LRT is planned at Miyuki Street in Ginza. If this plan is realized,
 do you think people could walk more freely?

The transit mall seems dangerous.

University of Seoul

I wonder whether the road is wide enough.

University of Seoul

In Japan, public transportation is safe. So, we think a transit mall at Miyuki Street is feasible.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q6:In Ginza, there are many commercial facilities and a large complex is currently under
 construction. Do you think Ginza is an attractive commercial city?

Yes. I think the mixture of old and new shops is attractive.

University of Seoul

I think Ginza is an attractive commercial city where I could go shopping and appreciate a traditional play at the complex.

University of Seoul

In Ginza, the mixture of new and old is attractive. However, I wonder whether old stores will see a drop in customers when the complex is built.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q7:Shintora Street is aiming to become like the Champs Elysees in Paris.
 Do you think this is possible?

Champs Elysees has historical features, but Shintora Street does not. So, it is not possible.

University of Seoul

In terms of sidewalk widths, in Shintora Street has a width of 13 m but the Champs Elysees has a width of 20m. So, I think it would be difficult for Shintora Street to be like the Champs Elysees.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q8:What kind of commercial facility do you want to be built on Shintora Street?

Shintora Street is planned out in an attractive way, but I wonder about the sidewalk. If outdoor cafes were built, I think that the smaller streets would be more comfortable.

University of Seoul

Shintora Street is a busy and noisy road.

University of Seoul

I think that stores built as they are here are better than chain stores. I am not so concerned about the traffic noise.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Q9:In Shintora Street, many outdoor cafes are planned, but there were originally many
 Japanese-style pubs. So, previously, this area had a unique atmosphere.
 Are outdoor cafes or Japanese-style pubs more suited to Shintora Street?

 I think Japanese-style pubs suit smaller streets, so cafes are better for Shintora Street.

University of Seoul

I think variety is important, so a mixture of cafes and Japanese-style pubs is better.

University of Seoul

In Japan, there are a few streets that have many outdoor cafes. So I think outdoor cafes are better than Japanese style-pubs because cafes can be used at all times, not only at night.

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Overview

The South Korean students evaluated commercial spaces and landscapes in which old and new buildings were coexistent; they indicated that in South Korea, old buildings are preserved in historical areas and new buildings are built in other areas. Consequently, in South Korea, there are few places where old and new buildings coexist as in Nihonbashi and Ginza. Furthermore, the South Korean student was more sensitive to the need for sufficient sidewalk space and the problems of traffic noise and safety than we were. We gained valuable experience on this tour as we were able to listen to opinions that Japanese people do not have. Ahead of the 2020 Olympic Games, it is important for Tokyo to resolve differences in feeling between Japan and the world.